Monthly Archives: October 2014

5th Week of October, 1754, from the London Magazine

October 1754


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Monday October 28 The sessions ended at the Old-Bailey, when the fix following malefactors received sentence of death, viz. Charles Fleming, for robbing a gentleman of a gold watch near Harrow; William Cottum, for stealing a gelding; Thomas James, for picking a gentleman’s pocket of a handkerchief; John Massey, for housebreaking ; Lyonell Ricolus, for stealing a silver tankard; and Thomas Rols for robbing Mrs. Turton of five shillings near Newington-Green.

Marriages and Births

October 27, the lady of Peter Delme, Esq. of a daughter.


October 29, Pter Auriol, Esq., an eminent merchant of this city.

The Monthly Catalogue, for October 1754


  1. Enchiridion Syntaxeos Lilianae constrictius: Or, an Epitome of Lilly’s Syntax. By Mr. S. Chadwicke, pr. 1 Crowder and Woodgate.
  2. Salmon’s Universal Traveller, No. 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118. Pr. 6d each. Baldwin.
  3. Maitland’s History of London, No. 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42. Pr. 6d. each. Baldwin
  4. A Scheme to Prevent the Running of Wool by Mr. Bradshaw, pr. 1 Griffiths.
  5. A Tour thro’ Normandy in the Year 1752, pr. 1s 6 Woodyer.
  6. Oraison Funebre de Frederic Roi de Suede, pr. 6 Brotherton.
  7. An Appeal to the Publick; or, A Review of the Conduct of Dr. A—ton towards Dr. Pigot, pr. 1 Baldwin.
  8. The City Director, pr. 1 Cooper.
  9. A Candid Enquiry why the Natives of Ireland are so addicted to Gaming, pr. 6 Dowie.
  10. A Guide to English Pronunciation and Orthography. By S. Hammond, pr. 1 Field.
  11. The Speech of Lord Visc. Preston to the Antigallicans, pr. 6 Robinson
  12. Serious Considerations on the Affairs of the Northern Colonies. By A. Kennedy, Esq., pr. 6 Griffiths.
  13. A Review of Lord Bolingbroke’s Philosophy, pr. 2 Knaptons.
  14. The World. By Mr. Fitz-Adam. No. 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94.
  15. The Connoisseur. By Mr. Town. No. 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38.

Physic and Science

  1. The Principles of Mechanicks; with 32 Copper-Plates. By W. Emerson. In one Vol. 8vo. pr. 7s 6 in boards. Innys.
  2. The Commentaries on the Aphorisms of Dr. H. Boerhave. By G. Van Swieten, M.D. Translated into English, Vol. 9, 10, 11, pr. 15 Knaptons.
  3. A New and Easy Guide to the Use of the Globes. By D. Fenning, pr. 2s 6 Hodges.
  4. The Theory of the Apsides in General and of the Apsides of the Moon’s Orbit in Particular. By D.C. Walmsley, B.A. pr. 1s 6 Owen.
  5. A Treatise on Gangrenes. By T. Kirkland, pr. 1s 6 Griffiths.

Poetry and Entertainment

  1. Memoirs of the Shakespear’s Head in Covent-Garden. In two Vols. 12mo. pr. 6 Noble.
  2. A Commercial Epistle, with Notes. By Mr. Lockman, pr. 6 G. Woodfall.
  3. Poems on Several Occasions, Never Before Printed, pr. 1 Crowder and Woodgate.
  4. The Persian Tales. A New Translation. By Edward Button, Gent. pr. 3 Owen.
  5. The Marriage Act, a Novel. In two Vols. pr. 6 Hodges.
  6. The Travels of Mr. Drake Morris, Merchant of London, Containing his Sufferings and Distresses in several Voyages at Sea, pr. 3 Baldwin.


  1. Twenty-two Sermons upon several Occasions. By Benjamin [Hadley], Lord Bishop of Winchester. In one Vol. 8vo. pr. 5 Knaptons.
  2. A Sermon occasioned by the Sudden Death of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Solin. By S. Blyth, pr. 6 Bourn.
  3. A Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Mary Robarts. By J. Stennett, D.D. pr. 6 Ward.
  4. A Sermon at the School-Feast at Bishop-Stortford, Aug. 15, 1754. By R. Bullock, A.M. pr. 6 Beecroft.
  5. A Sermon before the Governors of the Infirmary in Newcastle. By T. Dockwray, M.A. pr. 6 Bathurst.

4th Week of October, 1754, from the London Magazine

October 1754


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Saturday, October 19 About two this afternoon, a place called the Dust-house, belonging to Mr.Norman’s gunpowder mill, at Moulsey, in Surrey, blew up, and killed one man, who was barrelling up the gunpowder. It is reckoned there were about 30 barrels of powder in the store-room, each barrel containing about 100 lb. weight.  The building was blown into thousands of pieces, and carried a great way; the poor man’s body was torn into so many pieces, there was no finding them, or half his bones. Seven or eight great elms, that stood near this room, were tore up by the roots, and many others shattered, and several adjacent buildings terribly tore; a building about 30 yards from it, which contained about the same quantity of gunpowder, had its roof beat in, and a man at work received a slight blow on the back of his neck, by a piece of timber, but the powder remained safe.  The windows of several neighbouring houses were broke, and some of the tiles blown off the houses at some distance, by the force of the shock. The houses for many miles about were shaken by the explosion.

The grand jury for Westminster presented the editor and publisher of the late lord Bolingbroke’s works.

Orders were given, about this time, for a captain, four lieutenants, and 60 bombardiers and matrosses, to hold themselves ready to embark from Woolwich, in order to join the forces destined for Virginia.

Sunday, 20 This morning, about seven o’clock, a fire broke out in the upper part of a very large warehouse in Montague-Close, near St. Mary Overy’s church, Southwark, which entirely destroyed the same, and very large quantity of hops, which were in the same warehouse, and damaged several of the adjacent houses. There were a party of soldiers to keep off the mob, and the fire was in a great measure suppressed about noon. The inhabitants near St. Mary Overy’s church were in so great confusion, that divine service was not performed there in the morning.

On Nov. 28, 1753, the French made an attempt to take Trichenopoli (by surprize) a strong place belonging to the Nabob, in which was a garrison commanded by Capt. Kilpatrick. They made the attack about four that morning with 800 Europeans. Their Black forces were to make several false attacks on different parts of the town: By the darkness of the night, and the carelessness of a guard, they got over the ditch, fixed their ladders and 600 of them, without firing a shot, got possession of a battery on the outward wall, called Dalton’s Battery.  By this time an accidental shot or two alarmed the garrison, who immediately repaired to their posts, and attacked the party on the battery, who defended themselves till day light, and made several attempts to scale the inward wall and petard the gate, but were kept off by the garrison. By day-break, those that did not choose to venture their necks by jumping off the battery to save themselves, called out for quarter, which was given them. There were taken on the battery 293 Europeans prisoners, besides 65 wounded, and 42 killed in the ditch, and nine officers; the rest of their loss was not known, but it was believed must have been pretty considerable. In this action the garrison had scarce any loss. From the time of the before mentioned action until the middle of February following, nothing material happened, when Col. Lawrence, who was then encamped near Trichenopoli, was obliged, according to custom, to send a party to escort provisions to the camp, consisting of 230 Europeans, eight officers, about 500 Seapoys, and four pieces of cannon. They marched on, Feb. 12, and on their return upon the 15th, were attacked by a party, of the enemy, consisting of 120 French, two companies of foreigners, the French troop of 100 men, 1000 Topasses, 6000 Seapoys, all their Black cavalry, in number about 8000, and seven pieces of cannon. This detachment moved in the night, and came up with Col. Lawrence’s detached party by break of day, as they, were on their march. What men could do, they did; but the commanding officer, unfortunately afraid of losing his baggage, divided his force to save it upon which they enemy fell in amongst them, and, although they paid dearly for it, killed or took prisoners almost the whole army.


20th Wilbraham Tufton, Esq; only surviving brother of the late earl of Thanet.

The lady of the Rt. Hon. the lord chief baron Parker.

Earl of Drumlanrig, eldest son to the duke of Queensberry. He was on his journey from Scotland, with the duke his father, in one post-chaise, and the dutchess, his mother with lady Drumlanrig in another; and being tired with riding in the chaise got on horseback, soon after which his pistol accidentally went off, and killed him on the spot.

23d Daniel Sadler, Esq; chief clerk in the annuity Pell-office, and one of the oldest clerks in the Exchequer.


3D Week of October, 1754, from the London Magazine

October 1754


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From the London Gazette

New-York, July 29. On the 16th instant our lieutenant governor arrived here from Albany, having settled matters to the entire satisfaction of all the different nations of the Indians that attended the congress at that place. And the next day the commissioners from Philadelphia, Maryland, and Virginia, with several others, arrived here from the fame place. From whence we learn, that at the said congress, the commissioners from the several governments were unanimously of opinion, that an union of the colonies was absolutely necessary; and a plan of union was accordingly drawn up by the said commissioners, in order to be laid before their respective constituents.

Richard Beckford, Esq; member of parliament for Bristol, and brother to William Beckford, Esq; alderman of Billingsgate Ward, and one of the representatives of this city, was elected alderman of Farringdon-Ward Without, in the room of Sir Richard Hoare, Knt. deceased.

Marriages and Births

Oct 16. Henry Drax, Esq; to the Hon. Miss St. John, daughter of the Rt. Hon. lord St. John, of Bletsho.

Oct. 17. John Cramer, Esq; nephew to the lord visc. Lanesborough, in Ireland, to Miss Hort, daughter to the late archbishop of Tuam, and niece to the earl of Shelburn.

Plays and Entertainments acted at both THEATRES.

Drury Lane

Oct. 1. Richard the Third, Anatomist.

Oct. 3. Stratagem, Chaplet

Oct. 5 Conscious Lovers, Englishman in Paris.

Oct. 8 Revenge, Ditto.

Oct. 10 Henry VIII. Act. II. Sch. Of Anacreon.

Oct. 11 Romeo and Juliet, Funeral Procession.

Oct. 12 Love Makes a Man, Intriguing Chambermaid

Oct. 14 Beggar’s Opera, Lying Valet

Oct. 15 Ditto

Oct. 16 Hamlet

Oct. 17 Recruiting Officer, Englishman in Paris.

Oct. 18 Relapse, Fortunatus.

Oct. 19 Beggars Opera, Ditto.

Oct. 21Orphan, Intriguing Chambermaid.

Oct. 22 Busy Body

Oct. 23 Way of the World,

Oct. 24 Richard the Third, Anatomist

Oct. 25 Drummer

Oct. 26 Romeo and Juliet, Funeral Procession.

Oct. 28 Drummer, Fortunatus.

Oct. 29. Distress’d Mother, Ditto.

Oct. 30 Every Man in his Humour, Chaplet.


Oct. 2 Funeral, Double Disappointment.

Oct. 4 Suspicious Husband, Lover his own Riv.

Oct. 7 She Wou’d and She Wou’d Not, Damon and Phillida.

Oct. 9 Committee, King and the Miller.

Oct. 11 Mister, Lottery

Oct. 14 Old Bachelor, The Knights.

Oct. 15 Inconstant, School Boy

Oct. 16 Provok’d Husband, Ditto

Oct. 17 Volpone, What D’ye Call It.

Oct. 18 Othello, Contrivances.

Oct. 19 Ditto, Damon and Phillida.

Oct. 21, Ditto, Devil to Pay.

Oct. 22 Nonjuror, School-Boy.

Oct. 23 Ditto, Miss in her Teens,

Oct. 24 Hamlet

Oct. 25 Funeral, Miss in her Teens.

Oct. 26 Richard the Third, Double Disappointment

Oct. 28 Provok’d Husband, Lover in his own Riv.

Oct. 29 Love’s Last Shift, Virgin Unmask’d

Oct. 30 Merchant of Venice, Ditto

Extract from a Letter from Constantinople.

Dated Sept. 16.

On the 2d instant, about a quarter before ten at night, we bad the most terrible shock of an earthquake which I ever felt in this place, though I have resided here for many years. It was scarce inferior to that at Smyrna, March 24. 1739. and has done great damage in different quarters of the town, viz. Four of the seven towers, the vizir han, and many houses, with all the turrets on thewalls of the city, are shattered; the sickirgi han, the cupolas of the portico of Sultan Mahomet Giami, a bagnio, the prison of Galata, seven minorets, and some houses in the Pralat, are entirely thrown down. Some say 2000 persons perished in the ruins, others make them only 900, and others again reduce the number to 50 or so: But though I have been at some pains, I have not been able to come at any precision in this particular.  We have had frequent small shocks every 24 hours since; and on the 6th, about nine at night, we had such a peal of thunder as I never heard in any country. It began at the west, and went on gradually to the N. E. for an hour and half without intermission; and when it was over about half an hour past ten, the heavens were quite serene and clear. On this occasion none of the Europeans have suffered, either in their persons, houses, or magazines.

2D Week of October, 1754, from the London Magazine

October 1754


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Oct. 6 The court went into mourning for three weeks, for the death of the queen dowager of Portugal.

Oct. 7 Great damage was done to the shipping by a storm of wind, which arose about midnight, and the wind’s blowing hard for some days after.  A large ship, laden with iron and deals from Stockholm, ran aground at Orford-Ness, and was beat to pieces by the rage of the sea; but the crew were happily saved.

His majesty having been pleased to direct, that the following officers appointed to the regiments of foot to be raised in America, under the respective commands of col. William Shirley, and Sir William Pepperell, Bart. do repair forthwith to their posts.  Notice is given, that such of the above officers who are in Great Britain, do immediately repair to London, and embark on board the transports provided for their passage to North America.  And that such of those officers who are in Ireland, do immediately repair to Cork, and embark on board the transports provided for carrying Sir Peter Halkett’s and col. Dunbar’s regiments to America.

Oct. 10 A court of common-council was held at Guildhall, when the report of the bridge committee being taken into consideration, a motion was made, and carried, for referring it back to the said committee, to examine how far the construction of a new bridge over the Thames may affect the navigation of the river and the commerce of the city.

A fire broke out at Larling, in Norfolk, which entirely consumed two houses, and two women were unfortunately burnt to death in endeavouring to save their furniture.

Oct. 11 We had the melancholy account that two vessels from Leith were cast away in Yarmouth Road, and that the passengers to the number of 36 all perished; but the crews saved themselves in their long boats.

Marriages and Births

Oct. 9 Mr. Yerraway, jun. timber-merchant, in the parish of St. Alban, Woodstreet, to Miss Ennis, daughter of Mr. Ennis, deputy of Walbrook ward.

Mr. Charles Hoskins, only son of William Hoskins, of Barrow-Green, in Surrey, Esq. to Miss Carr, of the county of Durham.

Oct. 12 Nicholas Vivyan, of Cornwall, Esq. to Miss Chudleigh, a 12,000l. fortune.

William English, Esq. of New Bond Street, to Miss Atkins, of Barwood in Lincolnshire.


Oct. 5 Anthony Pollett, Esq. under treasurer of the chamber to the King, and deputy comptroller of the Mint, by a fall from his horse.

Rt. Hon. the lord Ranelagh, of the kingdom of Ireland, aged about 90.

Oct. 6 Sir Charles Moore, Bart. keeper of the records in Birmingham Tower, in the castle of Dublin.

Oct. 12 Sir Richard Hoare, Knt. and Alderman of the ward of Farringdon Without, who was lord mayor of London in 1746.

Rev. Dr. Hugh Wynne, chancellor of Bangor, prebendary of St. Paul’s and Sarum cathedrals, and chaplain in ordinary to his majesty.

Mr. Jacob Powell, of Stebbing, in Essex, remarkable for his uncommon size.  He approached the nearest bulk to the late famous Mr. Bright of the same county, and weighed as much within a trifle, his weight being near 40 stone, or 560 pounds.  His body was upwards of five yards or one rod in circumference, and the rest of his limbs in proportion, and had 16 men carry him to his grave.